What are "Ins & Outs"?

Ins & Outs refers to a hospitalized patient's recorded fluid intake and output, and is essential for nephrologists to assess fluid status. Our website is dedicated to teaching the "ins & outs" of all aspects of care for children with kidney disease. We aim to provide an engaging forum to discuss the essentials of pediatric nephrology, promote high-impact research that may inform change in medical practice, and contribute thoughtful commentary on controversial topics within our field.

The content published on Ins & Outs is not meant to substitute medical advice or replace expert consultation with a qualified health care provider. Visitors to this website should not rely upon it for emergency medical treatment. Commentary provided in the articles on this website is not official medical advice.